A. Publications available for download in .pdf format (Please see attachments)
1- International Merchandise Trade Statistics Compilers Manual -
Series F No. 87 (Buy online) (Download)
The Manual is published by UNSD at the request of the United Nations Statistical Commission to assist United Nations Member States in the implementation of the methodological guidelines laid out in International Merchandise Trade Statistics: Concepts and Definitions (published in 1998). The Manual has been prepared in cooperation with other international organizations and country experts. It is directed to all institutions which play a role in the collection, compilation and dissemination of trade statistics, and it may also serve as a guide to users who wish to understand better the nature of trade data. The Manual discusses in detail the conceptual and institutional framework of data collection, the sources of data, methods of data compilation, and data dissemination, reconciliation and exchange.
2- International Merchandise Trade Statistics: Concepts and Definitions revision 2 -
Series M No. 52 rev. 2 (Out of print) (Download)
This publication contains updated recommendations on methodology for compiling international merchandise trade statistics adopted by the United Nations Statistical Commission in March 1997. These recommendations are an essential references for trade statistics analysis and understanding. They take into account new developments in international trade, national practices of data compilation, new international agreements regarding customs procedures, and previously adopted revisions of methodology of national accounting and balance of payments statistics. They address basic issues such as coverage of statistics and time of recording, trade system, commodity classifications, valuation, quantity measurement, partner country, and reporting and dissemination. The publication also contains detailed lists of goods to be included and excluded from imports and exports; two tables which make it possible to determine, at a glance, how various categories of goods are treated in both the general and the special trade systems; and linkages between statistical concepts and international conventions regarding trade matters.
3- Strategies for Price and Quantity Measurement in External Trade - A Technical Report
Series M No. 69 (Out of print) (Download)
This publication is part of a continuing effort by the Statistics Division to develop comprehensive recommendations for national work on price and quantity statistics. It stems from the discussion of price and quantity comparisons in System of National Accounts and Guidelines on Principles of a System of Price and Quantity Statistics. It examines alternative strategies for the measurement of price and quantity in external trade and considers sources of data; approaches to measurement; major problems of pricing; the problem of aggregation; some tentative solutions; and strategies for compiling index numbers. An annex on coverage and structure of index numbers in external trade is included, as is a list of references.
4- Price and Quantity Measurement in External Trade: Two studies of national practice
Series M No. 76 (Out of print) (Download)
This publication has been designed as a supplement to Strategies for Price and guantity Measurement in External Trade, A technical report prepared by the Statistical Office of the United Nations Secretariat and published in 1981. Through the presentation of two case studies of national practice and experience, the present report aims to provide detailed practical guidance on the development and implementation of the two main approaches to price and quantity measurement in external trade. The relative merits of the two approaches and also of an approach combining the best features of each have been extensively discussed in the earlier report. Both publications should be of direct assistance to countries initiating work in this important area , as well as to those planning to improve existing work.
5- Statistical Territories of the World for Use in International Merchandise Trade Statistics
Series M 30 rev 3 (Buy online) (Download)
This publication defines each country’s customs territory and economic territory and the definition used for international merchandise trade statistics practices. It also gives the basis upon which individual countries compile their trade statistics. For many countries the statistical territory coincides with the customs territory, indicating that many countries use customs records as their main source of statistical data. The results also show that for some countries the statistical territory coincides with the economic territory and the geographic territory. This analysis provides users with a better understanding of a country’s merchandise trade statistics, and greatly facilitates international comparisons of external trade data.
6-National Practices in Compilation and Dissemination of External Trade Index Numbers
Series F 86 (Buy online) (Download)
This publication summarizes the collection of technical information on the index numbers of international trade statistics. The United Nations Statistics Division sent out a questionnaire to a number of countries at the beginning of 1999. By 2002, the Division had received responses on compilation practices from a total of 76 countries and one customs union.
The present report describes the compilation practices of each respondent according to the following characteristics:(a) Index number series produced; (b) Source of information; (c) Index calculation methods; (d) Limitations of indices, problems encountered and other methodological observations specific to the country; (e) Release dates; (f) Revision policy; (g) Dissemination; (h) Compiling agency and contact information. The results of the survey summarized in this publication include national compilation and dissemination of index numbers of external trade and descriptions of national practices.
7-Standard International Trade Classification Revision 3
Series M 34 rev. 3 (Out of print) (Download)
This basic classification, known as SITC, Rev. 3, groups all commodities into headings suitable for economic analysis. SITC is recommended by the United Nations for use in all countries for their external trade data and thus promotes international comparability of trade statistics. This publication describes the history of SITC and usage and two annexes show the correspondence between the basic headings of the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS) of the Customs Co-operation Council and SITC, Rev. 3, and between Revision 2 and Revision 3 of SITC.
8-Guidelines on Principles of a System of Price and Quantity Statistics
Series M 59 (Out of print) (Download)
B. Publications (available by subscription from UN Publications www.unp.org)
1- International Trade Statistics Yearbook 2004/Annuaire Statistique du Commerce International 2004 Vols. I & II
Series G 52 (Buy online)
Volume I. Trade by Country 1 274 pages Volume I provides historical information on the external trade performance of individual countries in terms of current values. Information showing important commodities traded by an individual country (latest 4 years) and the country’s trade with its major trading partners and regions (latest 5 years) are also shown. Summary tables for each country show imports by broad economic categories, exports by industrial origin and the percentage share of the country's trading partners and regions in relation to its total trade. This volume contains data for 182 countries or reporting customs areas. Volume II. Trade by Commodity 660 pages Volume II contains selected commodity tables showing total world trade of those commodities analyzed by regions and countries, as well as various specialized tables.
2- Commodity Indexes for the Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3
Series M 38 Rev.2 (Out of print)
Sales number: 94.XVII.10
The Commodity Indexes for the Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 show the classification according to commodities that enter into international trade. Volume I is an item index and gives a full description of each heading, with additional notes and/or exclusions where necessary, and with a representative list of commodities. Volume II is an Alphabetic Index and lists in alphabetical order, all of the commodities appearing in the Item Index along with the code number of the heading under which they fall. It is thus possible for someone seeking trade data about a specific five-digit commodity to quickly find the code number under which this data will be found in other United Nations publications such as the International Trade Statistics Yearbook.
3-Classification by Broad Economic Categories
Series M 53 rev. 4 (Buy online)
The original Classification by Broad Economic Categories (BEC) was produced in 1961 to provide a means for international trade statistics to be analyzed by broad economic categories such as food, industrial supplies, capital equipment, consumer durables and consumer non-durables. The original BEC was linked to the Standard International Trade Classification. Two revisions of BEC were produced to coincide with revisions of SITC, and a third revision made technical corrections. The current publication provides links between BEC and the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (2002 edition) as well as to the basic classes of goods in the System of National Accounts (consumption goods, intermediate goods, capital goods). Each of the 3,121 SITC headings is correlated to one of the nineteen BEC basic headings, as are 5,222 of the 5,224 HS02 subheadings (two HS02 subheadings fall outside the scope of SITC, Rev.3 and are therefore not correlated to BEC).