SURVEY DESIGN & OBJECTIVES
The survey was designed to provide
policy relevant data on living conditions in Nicaragua
for use by the government in designing a poverty alleviation
strategy. A module on time use was included to explore
more fully issues of labor behavior, how households
make decisions on regarding tradeoffs, and how government
policies can be developed regarding development of
employment programs, infrastructure needs, etc.
METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION
Interviews with all household members
age 6 and older
The Nicaragua household questionnaire
is a multi-topic questionnaire which includes modules
on housing, health, education, economic activity,
fertility, time use, household enterprises, household
expenditures, agricultural activities, and credit/savings.
The time use module includes 22 specific activities,
a question on "other" activities, and requires
that the total time sum to 24 hours. In addition,
in several of the other modules there is information
collected on how long it takes to travel to services
(school, health facilities) and how long people had
to wait for services.
Recording of simultaneous activities
The module itself does not include
questions aboutthe context in which the time is spent,
however, information from the other modules could
be used with some of the activities to provide contextual
Information was collected on: employment
activities (agricultural, household enterprise, wage
work, unpaid work, looking for work); education (class
time, homework); house work (cooking, washing, working
in the garden, collecting water, collecting fuel,
purchases, care of children, care of sick); personal
activities (eating, sleeping, personal care, leisure,
seeking health care): social activities (weddings,
funerals, family visits, community service).
was collected about the day prior to the interview
The sample for the LSMS survey is
nationally representative and is also representative
at the urban/rural level.
The time use module was administered
in one-half of the interviewed households to all household
members aged 6 or older.
Informal report. D. Steele, LSMS