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Time-Use Surveys

Improving Measurement of Paid & Unpaid WORK

TUS Resources > by country > India

Title of survey:1998-99 Time-use Survey

Organization: Central Statistical Organization
Contact information:www.nic/stat.in

SURVEY DESIGN & OBJECTIVES (17KB)

Independent survey

- To develop a conceptual framework and a suitable methodology for designing and conducting time use studies in India on a regular basis. Also, to evolve a methodology to estimate labour force/work force in the country and to estimate the value of unpaid work in the economy in a satellite account
- To infer policy/programme implications from the analysis of the data on (a) distribution of paid and unpaid work among men and women in rural and urban areas, (b) nature of unpaid work of women including the drudgery of their work and (c) sharing of household work by men and women for gender equity
- To analyze the time use pattern of the individuals to understand the nature of their work so as to draw inference for employment and welfare programmes for men
- To analyze the data of the time use pattern of the specific section of the population such as chidren and women to draw inferences for welfare policies for them
- To collect and analyze the time use pattern of people in the selected states in India in order to have a comprehensive information about the time spent by people on marketed and non-marketed economic activities covered under the 1993 SNA, non marketed non-SNA activities covered under the General Production Boundary and on personal care and related activities that cannot be delegated to others
- To use the data in generating more reliable estimates on work force and national income as per 1993 SNA, and in computing the value of unpaid work through separate satellite account

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION

Recall interview

SURVEY INSTRUMENTS (45KB)
Description

Main instrument for recording activities is 4 am to 4 am time diary; data was collected for three types of days viz. normal, weekly variant day and abnormal if applicable; activity recording is per one-hour intervals; if more than one activity within a one-hour interval, actual time use in minutes is recorded; post-coding

Household questionnaire lists household members and demographic characteristics and obtains detailed information on work; for females aged 18 years or over, whether member participates in decision-making

Recording of simultaneous activities

All activities that occur within the one-hour interval are recorded and total time spent on each activity is recorded

Context variables

Location (whether within or outside the household); whether paid and mode of payment

ACTIVITY CLASSIFICATION

Nine major groups; 16 2-digit sub-groups; 176 activities

TIME SAMPLE

Covers whole year on a periodic (quarterly) basis;  each respondent provides diary data for three types of days in a week-normal, abnormal, "weekly-variant"

REFERENCE POPULATION
Description

National as represented by six states selected on basis of geographical dispersion (region) and likely differentiation in work patterns such as in rural-urban areas, tribal-industrial areas
Persons 6 years old and over

Sample selection

All eligible household members in 18,591 sample households were covered

RESPONSE RATE

99.8 percent household response rate

SOURCES

 

 


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