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MBS Online data dictionary
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Term
unemployment
Description Persons in unemployment, according to the restricted definition, comprise all persons of either sex above a specified age who during the specified reference period were “seeking paid employment” or were “seeking self-employment” as defined below.
1. “Persons seeking paid employment”: (restricted sense) comprise all persons in the following categories: (a) persons who during the reference period were: (i) “without work”, i.e., were not in paid employment of self-employment during the reference period; (ii) “seeking paid work”, i.e., had taken specific steps to seek work for wages, salary or related payments in a specified recent period such as the previous month; and (iii) “current available for paid work”, i.e., were in a position to take up such work immediately or shortly; (b) persons who during the reference period were without work, currently available for paid work and had made arrangements to start a new paid job at a date subsequent to the reference period.
2. Persons absent from work, on leave, or on layoff with weak job attachment who were seeking paid work during the specified recent period, persons seeking apprenticeships, and students seeking full-time paid work during the vacation period or part-time paid work during the school period should be included among persons seeking paid employment on the same basis as other persons seeking paid employment.
Persons seeking self-employment (restricted sense) comprise all persons who were without work during the reference period and who, in a specified recent period such as the previous month, were seeking self-employment or had taken concrete steps to establish their own enterprise. Persons in unemployment, according to the extended definition, comprise all persons of either sex above a specified age who, during the specified reference period, were “available for paid employment” or “available for self-employment” as defined below.
1. “Persons available for paid employment” (extended sense) comprise all persons in the following categories: (a) all persons seeking paid employment according to the restricted definition; (b) persons without work who were currently available for paid work but who were not seeking paid work during the specified recent period for one or more of the following reasons: belief that suitable paid work was not available, lack of knowledge about where to find paid work, awaiting recall to work, awaiting results of previous applications, awaiting the agriculture season, or other specified reasons.
2. Persons absent from work, on leave or on layoff with weak job attachment who were not seeking paid work during the specified recent period should be included among persons available for paid employment according to the extended definition if currently available for paid work. Persons available for self-employment (extended sense) comprise all persons in the following categories: (a) all persons seeking self-employment according to the restricted definition; (b) persons with their own individual or household enterprise who did not perform any work during the reference period for reasons such as lack of instruments to work with, lack of funds, awaiting the agriculture season, etc. (4).
Source International Labour Organization, Current International Recommendations on Labour Statistics, 1988 Edition (Geneva).
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