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Technical notes

Table Earnings in manufacturing, by sex
Technical note Earnings in manufacturing generally relate to the average wages per worker in manufacturing as a whole. Earnings normally include bonuses, cost of living allowances, taxes, social insurance contributions payable by the employed person and, in some cases, payments in kind, and normally exclude social insurance contributions payable by the employers, family allowances and other social security benefits. The time of year to which the figures refer is not the same for all countries. Unless otherwise noted, the source of the data is from labour-related establishment surveys, and the data refer to employees of both sexes, irrespective of age.

Some of the series do not conform to the above for one or more of the following reasons: different type of source or coverage, inclusion of non-manufacturing industries and use of wage rates, instead of earnings.

For further details on tables 9 - 12, see the Yearbook of Labour Statistics of the International Labour Office and the websites:;;;

Data source International Labour Office(ILO), Geneva, Department of Statistics Database.
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