2. Working Group on Toponymic Data Files and Gazetteers
Pier-Giorgio Zaccheddu (Germany), E-mail Mr. Zaccheddu (email@example.com)
Scope of work
To respond to UN resolutions and UN data needs, this Working Group on Toponymic Data Files and Gazetteers addresses various issues of toponymic data processing, including the creation, maintenance and outputs of toponymic data files (including gazetteer production) and aspects of toponymic data exchange formats and standards. Issues of providing geographical names information within national and international spatial data infrastructures (SDIs) through web (gazetteer) services and multipurpose toponymic database solutions in the context of SDIs as well as the utilization of volunteered geographic information and crowd sourced data are becoming more and more important. The issue of appropriate definitions for gazetteers and data types and of general feature types/categories relates with the agenda of the WG TDFG.
- maintain liaison with international standardization bodies like the Unicode Consortium regarding digital text encoding in the context of geographical names, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) with reference to the development of exchange standards for toponymic information and to web (gazetteer) services for the provision of toponymic information through the Internet;
- maintain liaison with the United Nations Geographic Information Working Group (UNGIWG) in relation to UN developments and requirements;
- promote and support the geographical names database of the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN database);
- promote, complement and support the “UNECA Africa GeoNyms database/gazetteer initiative";
- promote and provide consultancy and technical advice to national standardization programs and to toponymic training courses including the development of multipurpose toponymic database solutions in the context of spatial data infrastructures. This comprises issues like the discussion of appropriate definitions for gazetteers and data types and of general feature types/categories for a global use;
- organize workshops in conjunction with UNGEGN Sessions or UN Conferences, focusing on topics like data modeling, database applications or lessons learned through national and international geographical names programs or projects, and, as required, provide presentations on such topics at the UNGEGN Sessions and upcoming UNCSGN;
- recommend content and structure of nationally produced authoritative gazetteers and toponymic data files in particular making use of the Internet;
- examine processes and recommend best practice for the exploitation and validation of volunteered geographic information and crowd sourced data as part of national toponymic standardization work.
Upcoming Actions for 2012 – 2014
- participate at and/or contribute, if required, to the yearly organized United Nations Geographic Information Working Group (UNGIWG) meetings and report back to UNGEGN and in particular to this WG;
- participate at and/or contribute, if required, to the GGIM forum, documents, discussions;
- promote and provide consultancy and technical advice to the UNSDI Gazetteer Framework Project through the Science and Technical Advisory Group (STAG);
- provide consultancy to the developments related to the UNGEGN database, UNECA “UNECA Africa GeoNyms database/gazetteer initiative”, the INSPIRE initiative, the EuroGeoNames project ,UN gazetteer and projects of developing countries through toponymic training courses;
- monitor the development of the Best Practice Gazetteer Service profile of Web Feature Service (WFS) of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Standards Working Group and report back to UNGEGN and in particular to this WG;
- expand the content of the Working Group website and promote it through the UNGEGN Information Bulletin, referencing recently presented documents and including information on data modeling and database design, on general issues in the context of data maintenance, production and distribution in the context of Spatial data infrastructures (SDIs)'
- set up a discussion forum as part of the Working Group website by utilizing Wiki functionality in order to commence investigations on issues and specific topics like e.g. volunteered geographic information and crowd sourced data;
- update, if required, the content of Part II of the UNGEGN Technical Reference Manual and assist the UNGEGN secretariat with the publication of an amended version;
- assist in raising awareness about the lack of availability of standardized names by participating and presenting toponymic data topics at national and international conferences organized in the fields of geospatial information management (comprising spatial data infrastructures), cartography and remote sensing;
- arrange Working Group meetings, at least one between the two UNGEGN Sessions conducted in preparation of the respective UNCSGN.
Recent documents of the Working Group
- UNGEGN Information Bulletin 42, March 2012
- UNGEGN Information Bulletin 41, October 2011
- W.P. 37 of the 26th Session of UNGEGN, 2011
- UNGEGN Information Bulletin 40, April 2011
- UNGEGN Information Bulletin 39, Fall 2010
- UNGEGN Information Bulletin 38, March 2010
- UNGEGN Information Bulletin 37, September 2009
- Report of the Working Group, 25th Session of UNGEGN, 2009, W.P. 77
- UNGEGN Information Bulletin 34, December 2007
- A revision of the Report of the Working Group on Toponymic Data Exchange formats and Standards to the Seventh United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names (presented in 1998 as E/CONF.91/CRP.11) was included as Part II of the UNGEGN Technical reference manual for the standardization of geographical names, published by the United Nations in 2007.
- Report of the Working Group on Toponymic Data Files and Gazetteers for the period 2002-2007, E/CONF.98/CRP.60
- Report of the Working Group, 24th Session of UNGEGN, 2007, W.P.15
- Report of the Working Group, UNGEGN Information Bulletin, No. 33, March 2007
- Report of the Working Group, 23rd UNGEGN Session, 2006, W.P.99
- Report of the Working Group, 22nd UNGEGN Session, 2004, W.P.92
- Report to the Eighth Conference, 2002, E/CONF.94/INF.12
- Report of the Working Group, 21st UNGEGN Session, 2002, W.P.6
- Report of the Working Group, UNGEGN Newsletter 24, July 2001
- Report of the Working Group, 20th UNGEGN Session, 2000, W.P.46
- Report of the Working Group in the UNGEGN Newsletter 23, July 2000.
Recent meetings of the Working Group
- The Working Group met during the 26th Session of UNGEGN in Vienna, May 2011.
- The Working Group met in association with ECSEE Division and EuroGeographics in February 2011.
- The Working Group met during the 25th Session of UNGEGN in Nairobi, May 2009.
- The Working Group met in association with EuroGeoNames in June 2008 and February 2009.
- Meetings of the Working Group were held in New York at the Ninth UN Conference in August 2007. In addition at that time, a workshop was organized to address data exchange standards and a discussion group was held on the future of gazetteers.
- A Working Group meeting was held in Madrid in April 2007, in conjunction with a EuroGeoNames meeting.
Suggested web sites
- The Working Group website can be accessed at https://network.gdi-de.org/display/wgtdfg/Working+Group+on+Toponymic+Data+Files+and+Gazetteers+of+UNGEGN
- Software and fonts:
- ISO/IEC 10646-1 ... information on relevant Unicode Consortium publication at http://www.unicode.org/unicode/uni2book/u2.html
- Information about Unicode-enabled products at http://www.unicode.org/onlinedat/products.html
- Related projects or initiatives: