Food utilization

Modified on 2013/05/23 16:51 by Haoyi Chen — Categorized as: Chapter 2 - Food security

From gender issues to gender statistics on food utilization: illustrative examples

Policy-relevant questions Data needed Sources of data
Do mothers apply recommended feeding practices for their children? Does the socio-economic background of the mothers / caretakers have an impact of the type of feeding practices? Are there differences in feeding practices based on the sex of the child/infant?

Are there gender-based differences in nutritional status of children under 5? How do they vary by age?
Distribution of feeding practices by sex and age of children and socio-economic characteristics of the mothers/caretakers (education, occupation, etc.)




Distribution of children under 5 by sex, age, weight and height
Household surveys such as DHS and MICS


How pervasive is female malnutrition? Is malnutrition higher among specific groups of women? Which ones?


What type of malnutrition do women have? How many pregnant women are affected by micronutrient deficiencies (eg., iron deficiency anaemia and vitamin A deficiency)?
Distribution of adult (or reproductive-aged) non pregnant women by weight and height, further disaggregated by socio-economic characteristics

Distribution of reproductive aged women by haemoglobin concentration, retinol concentration and pregnancy status.

Distribution of children by birth weight
Household surveys such as DHS and MICS




Health administrative records






Note: A first draft of this section was prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO, Statistics Division.