Environmental aspects with gender-differentiated impacts

Modified on 2013/05/23 11:06 by Haoyi Chen — Categorized as: Chapter 2 - Environment

From gender issues to gender statistics related to environmental impacts on women and men: illustrative examples

Policy-relevant questions Data needed Sources of data
When water is not available on household premises, do women and men participate equally in water collection? Households/population by availability of water on premises and sex of person usually collecting water

Persons involved in water collection by sex and age

Time spent on water collection by sex and age
Household surveys such as DHS (Demographic and Health Survey) and MICS (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey)

Time use surveys
Are women more likely than men to develop health problems due to indoor smoke from solid fuels?

How many women and men are exposed to indoor smoke from solid fuels used for cooking?

Do women and men in the same household have different exposure to indoor smoke?
Relative risks of lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, lung cancer by sex and age

Population using solid fuels for cooking by type of stove, indoor/outdoor location of cooking and sex

Time spent indoors and time spent near fire by sex and age.

Time spent cooking by sex.
Epidemiological studies and health administrative records


Household surveys such as DHS and MICS



Small scale studies


Time use surveys
Are female or male deaths overrepresented among deaths due to various natural hazards? Number of deaths due to natural disasters by type of hazard, sex and age Health and other administrative sources, including post-disaster assessments

Population censuses

Household surveys