Members of the team designing the questionnaires have been trained in gender issues and gender-specific measurement issues related to work.
Use set of questions rather than one direct question for each of the topics;
Include additional probing questions for selected groups of employed or status in employment categories;
Use lists of economic activities that are usually underreported (for example, those considered an extension of domestic activities, and/or carried out at home);
Avoid using keywords such as “economic activity”, “occupation”, “looking for work” that may induce underreporting of non-market economic activities;
Avoid using keywords that apply exclusively to one of the sexes, such as “housewife” or “fisherman”
Include short explanatory notes in the questionnaire and detailed instructions, including explanations of concepts, in interviewers manual;
Use specific questions on reasons for not seeking work to identify particular subcategories of unemployed or non-active, such as discouraged workers or seasonal workers.
Use additional questions with gender-specific reasons for: being absent from work; not being available for work; steps taken to seek work; reasons for not seeking work; reasons for choosing certain non-regular jobs or non-standard working arrangements.
References: Hussmanns and others, 1990; Mata-Greenwood, 1999; 2003