Environment statistics describe the state of and trends in the environment, covering the media of the natural environment (air/ climate, water, land/soil), the living organisms within the media, and human settlements (UNEP 2012). This is one of the statistical fields traditionally considered gender-neutral and often developed without much consideration of all aspects and implications related to individuals. Yet, environmental conditions have a different impact on the lives of women and men, due to existing gender inequality. In particular, lack of access to safe water and energy, environmental degradation and natural disasters disproportionately affect women in terms of unremunerated work, health and mortality. Also, women’s role in environment protection is hampered by gender inequality in access to education and training, information and technologies, and decision-making. These issues are covered, in this section, by two sub-topics: environmental aspects with gender-differentiated impacts; and involvement of women and men in preserving the environment.