ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS

 
     
         
   
 
     
         

Climate Change

 
 
last update: July 2010
 
   
 
     
         

Greenhouse gas emissions by sector (percentage)

   
 
     
         

 

                             
   

latest
year available

Total GHG
emissions
GHG from
Energy
GHG from
Energy of which:
from Transport

GHG from
Industrial processes

GHG from
Agriculture
GHG from
Waste
 
mio. tonnes of
CO2
equivalent
%
%
%
%

%

Albania
1994
5.53
56.11
14.41
3.79
33.96
6.14
Algeria 1994
91.76
76.35
15.21
5.20
13.30
5.14
Antigua and Barbuda 1990
0.39
74.36
21.53
5.73
19.91
Argentina 2000
282.00
46.79
14.27
3.94
44.30
4.97
Armenia 1990
25.31
91.29
14.39
2.49
4.10
2.12
Australia 2008
549.54
75.81
14.60
5.67
15.90
2.62
Austria 2008
86.64
74.71
26.01
13.70
8.81
2.34
Azerbaijan 1994
43.17
10.44
8.53
4.08
Bahamas 1994
2.20
84.94
0.96
Bahrain 1994
19.60
77.56
6.64
10.33
0.24
11.87
Bangladesh 1994
45.93
33.12
5.53
2.79
61.23
2.86
Barbados 1997
4.06
49.98
6.20
4.22
1.65
44.16
Belarus 2008
91.11
64.42
6.99
4.36
24.97
6.18
Belgium 2008
133.25
82.00
20.74
9.79
7.26
0.76
Belize 1994
6.34
9.58
4.96
0.00
4.27
86.15
Benin 1995
39.35
2.54
1.02
0.25
96.47
0.75
Bhutan 1994
1.29
7.43
3.34
10.34
82.23
Bolivia 2004
43.67
20.69
9.79
48.71
26.70
3.90
Botswana 1994
9.29
41.35
8.62
2.27
54.53
1.85
Brazil 1994
663.25
37.33
14.34
3.88
55.67
3.12
Bulgaria 2008
73.43
74.15
11.41
8.73
6.70
10.34
Burkina Faso 1994
5.97
15.22
5.41
78.89
5.89
Burundi 1998
2.00
40.08
4.55
0.01
54.70
5.21
Cambodia 1994
12.76
14.74
6.51
0.39
82.74
2.13
Cameroon 1994
165.73
1.95
0.82
35.31
61.69
1.04
Canada 2008
734.42
81.34
27.00
7.16
8.50
2.95
Cape Verde 1995
0.29
75.04
0.63
13.40
11.56
Central African Republic 1994
37.74
50.16
0.32
43.04
6.80
Chad 1993
8.02
3.86
91.00
5.14
Chile 1994
54.89
68.04
23.83
3.94
24.43
3.59
China 1994
4 057.62
74.13
4.08
6.97
14.91
4.00
Colombia 1994
137.48
45.28
13.98
3.85
44.70
6.17
Comoros 1994
0.51
13.77
..
85.61
0.62
Congo 2000
2.07
78.05
18.68
0.23
15.72
6.00
Cook Islands 1994
0.08
40.55
19.99
12.86
46.59
Costa Rica 2005
12.11
47.00
32.12
4.10
38.00
10.90
Cote d'Ivoire 2000
271.20
24.55
0.81
0.00
71.76
3.69
Croatia 2008
31.13
72.19
20.05
13.26
10.76
2.99
Cuba 1996
40.19
66.29
3.03
25.56
5.12
Czech Republic 2008
141.41
81.06
13.25
10.14
5.89
2.55
Dem. Rep. of the Congo 2003
46.00
7.82
1.81
0.34
75.18
16.66
Denmark 2008
65.13
79.26
21.83
3.20
15.46
1.94
Djibouti 1994
0.51
53.80
24.58
40.40
5.80
Dominica 1994
0.15
50.61
24.96
9.68
39.71
Dominican Republic 2000
26.43
69.03
23.39
3.07
21.57
6.33
Ecuador 1990
30.77
64.64
29.50
3.74
27.26
4.37
Egypt 1990
116.74
70.90
18.13
8.80
15.43
4.87
El Salvador 1994
11.72
38.97
15.55
4.18
49.37
7.48
Eritrea 2000
0.76
79.48
26.31
20.52
Estonia 2008
20.25
84.38
11.44
5.14
7.14
3.33
Ethiopia 1995
47.75
15.84
0.72
80.63
2.80
Fiji 1994
1.39
55.77
37.95
3.23
35.51
5.48
Finland 2008
70.13
78.39
19.44
10.03
8.32
3.14
France 2008
531.80
71.57
24.86
7.68
18.54
1.96
Gabon 1994
6.52
97.55
8.45
1.00
1.45
Gambia 1993
4.26
5.98
2.56
20.98
73.04
Georgia 2006
12.22
48.82
10.52
14.58
27.11
9.44
Germany 2008
958.06
80.66
16.02
10.94
6.91
1.13
Ghana 1996
13.14
53.74
2.04
40.30
3.92
Greece 2008
126.89
81.98
17.88
8.40
7.03
2.34
Grenada 1994
1.61
8.47
3.24
0.03
91.51
Guatemala 1990
14.74
31.09
14.48
3.69
59.91
5.30
Guinea 1994
5.06
40.40
12.36
2.84
50.02
6.75
Guinea-Bissau 1994
1.69
10.62
0.02
0.00
86.75
2.63
Guyana 1998
3.07
57.70
9.65
41.61
0.68
Haiti 1994
5.10
8.21
1.91
80.08
7.88
Honduras 1995
10.83
36.81
20.96
4.76
31.23
27.20
Hungary 2008
73.14
75.85
17.62
6.49
12.01
5.09
Iceland 2008
4.88
42.86
19.95
40.82
11.61
4.53
India 1994
1 214.25
61.26
6.61
8.46
28.37
1.91
Indonesia 1994
334.19
66.46
14.17
5.73
25.29
2.53
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 1994
385.43
83.38
15.72
6.61
7.86
2.15
Ireland 2008
67.44
67.75
21.14
4.43
26.06
1.62
Israel 2005
73.41
85.85
19.35
3.12
4.33
6.70
Italy 2008
541.49
83.64
22.88
6.30
6.62
3.07
Jamaica 1994
116.31
7.08
1.09
0.33
92.27
0.33
Japan 2008
1 281.82
90.53
18.02
5.88
2.02
1.56
Jordan 2000
19.40
76.85
18.68
8.22
0.94
13.98
Kazakhstan 2008
245.86
87.22
9.87
5.88
4.92
1.98
Kenya 1994
21.47
37.54
4.61
56.37
1.49
Kiribati 1994
0.03
66.33
1.75
31.92
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. 1990
201.92
88.62
1.74
4.88
5.76
0.73
Korea, Republic of 2001
542.89
83.47
16.52
10.65
2.97
2.90
Kyrgyzstan 2005
12.02
74.07
20.70
4.32
16.11
5.49
Lao People's Dem. Rep. 1990
6.87
13.54
82.96
3.50
Latvia 2008
11.90
71.45
30.21
2.89
17.51
7.70
Lebanon 1994
15.70
75.00
25.42
12.25
7.02
5.72
Lesotho 1994
1.82
45.44
12.18
51.56
3.00
Liechtenstein 2008
0.26
88.13
34.55
2.09
8.62
0.75
Lithuania 2008
24.33
54.31
21.30
20.03
20.60
4.69
Luxembourg 2008
12.49
88.08
53.42
5.89
5.36
0.55
Madagascar 1994
21.93
8.77
2.82
0.02
90.25
0.96
Malawi 1994
7.07
52.58
0.83
45.32
1.27
Malaysia 1994
136.68
71.60
3.64
5.07
19.69
Maldives 1994
0.15
84.32
15.68
Mali 1995
8.67
11.17
0.11
87.38
1.33
Malta 2008
2.95
90.09
17.63
1.16
2.71
5.97
Mauritania 2000
6.94
16.86
5.83
0.28
81.62
1.25
Mauritius 1995
2.06
85.48
31.43
4.28
6.76
3.47
Mexico 2002
553.33
70.39
20.67
9.42
8.34
11.85
Micronesia, Federated States of 1994
0.25
97.96
0.26
0.01
0.34
1.69
Monaco 2008
0.10
96.87
34.43
2.05
1.08
Mongolia 1998
15.93
59.00
13.28
0.62
39.81
0.57
Morocco 1994
44.39
60.50
13.15
7.11
27.24
5.14
Mozambique 1994
8.22
22.64
10.39
0.62
56.20
20.53
Namibia 1994
5.60
34.23
16.17
0.10
64.39
1.28
Nauru 1994
0.04
78.88
13.69
7.43
Nepal 1994
31.19
10.47
1.46
0.53
87.20
1.80
Netherlands 2008
206.91
83.15
17.39
5.07
8.95
2.73
New Zealand 2008
74.66
45.32
19.12
5.75
46.65
2.24
Nicaragua 1994
7.65
35.15
11.00
4.64
55.81
4.40
Niger 2000
13.63
19.24
5.56
0.13
78.04
2.58
Nigeria 1994
242.63
60.32
15.19
0.73
20.81
18.14
Niue 1994
4.42
99.94
32.16
0.02
0.03
Norway 2008
53.71
72.67
28.49
16.60
8.11
2.26
Pakistan 1994
160.59
51.84
11.63
7.02
38.57
2.57
Palau 2000
0.09
0.01
99.99
Panama 1994
10.69
36.50
13.92
3.86
44.20
15.44
Papua New Guinea 1994
5.01
18.91
3.85
77.24
Paraguay 1994
140.46
2.32
1.94
0.52
97.04
0.11
Peru 1994
57.58
38.47
13.84
17.19
39.61
4.72
Philippines 1994
100.87
49.61
15.75
10.51
32.84
7.03
Poland 2008
395.56
79.75
10.79
8.42
9.38
2.25
Portugal 2008
78.38
70.78
24.61
8.83
10.00
10.05
Republic of Moldova 2005
11.88
65.00
13.92
4.90
17.91
11.78
Romania 2008
145.92
68.63
10.06
12.84
13.90
4.53
Russian Federation 2008
2 229.57
82.22
9.77
8.12
6.46
3.17
Rwanda 2002
2.38
48.27
2.22
40.25
9.26
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1994
0.16
44.97
15.98
25.78
29.25
Saint Lucia 1994
0.89
30.55
11.91
2.94
66.51
Samoa 1994
0.56
18.34
12.70
76.79
4.87
San Marino 2007
0.24
98.28
58.82
1.72
Sao Tome and Principe 1998
0.12
82.22
22.65
10.03
7.76
Saudi Arabia 1990
165.27
78.36
24.31
6.71
6.87
8.07
Senegal 1995
9.57
40.91
13.32
3.96
31.30
23.83
Seychelles 1995
0.26
70.03
21.68
10.72
19.25
Singapore 1994
26.86
99.21
15.26
0.79
Slovakia 2008
48.83
65.80
13.77
22.82
6.34
4.87
Slovenia 2008
21.28
82.09
28.92
5.57
9.29
2.91
Solomon Islands 1994
0.29
100.00
65.49
South Africa 1994
379.84
78.34
11.46
8.00
9.33
4.33
Spain 2008
405.74
78.46
25.51
7.72
9.60
3.84
Sri Lanka 1995
29.13
23.25
10.87
0.94
39.35
36.46
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1997
0.41
26.15
9.23
64.40
9.45
Sudan 1995
54.19
14.33
3.55
0.32
83.50
1.85
Suriname 2003
3.33
72.19
10.54
1.95
25.23
0.63
Swaziland 1994
7.54
14.01
5.87
65.03
16.36
4.60
Sweden 2008
63.96
72.97
32.35
10.62
13.24
2.72
Switzerland 2008
53.22
81.46
31.16
6.22
10.67
1.22
Tajikistan 2003
7.50
30.49
4.05
8.37
54.97
6.16
Thailand 1994
223.99
57.98
17.82
7.13
34.56
0.33
The Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia 2002
12.23
78.66
8.86
5.69
8.78
6.87
Togo 1998
6.28
23.03
5.69
71.16
0.12
Tonga 1994
0.23
34.98
20.28
26.94
38.08
Trinidad and Tobago 1990
16.01
62.03
9.30
31.97
2.12
3.89
Tunisia 1994
25.14
60.66
13.56
11.29
23.94
4.11
Turkey 2008
366.50
75.77
13.04
8.14
6.83
9.26
Turkmenistan 1994
52.31
93.51
5.59
1.61
4.46
0.42
Tuvalu 1994
0.01
83.60
16.40
Uganda 1994
41.55
9.40
1.63
0.10
90.27
0.23
Ukraine 2008
427.80
68.41
10.36
21.17
8.10
2.25
United Arab Emirates 2000
129.83
89.64
13.61
4.98
3.35
2.03
United Kingdom 2008
631.73
84.89
20.49
4.57
6.94
3.61
United Rep. of Tanzania 1994
39.24
17.56
4.26
0.94
75.77
5.73
United States 2008
6 924.56
86.63
25.82
4.83
6.17
2.30
Uruguay 2000
29.73
17.42
8.50
3.73
74.05
4.79
Uzbekistan 2005
199.84
86.24
4.82
3.19
8.23
2.35
Vanuatu 1994
0.30
21.45
15.13
78.55
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1999
192.19
74.70
17.69
4.79
17.15
3.36
Viet Nam 1994
84.45
30.35
4.33
4.51
62.10
3.04
Yemen 1995
17.87
56.71
21.55
3.06
35.23
5.00
Zambia 1994
32.77
53.13
3.72
1.00
41.56
Zimbabwe 1994
27.59
60.73
7.41
16.64
 
 
Sources:
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat (see: http://unfccc.int).
Definitions & Technical notes:
GHG from Energy: all emissions related to the production and use of energy in any sectors of the economy and households. It includes emissions from fuel combustion as well as fugitive fuels. This variable corresponds to IPCC category 1.
GHG from Energy, of which: from Transport: emissions from the combustion and evaporation of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, specified by subsectors as civil aviation, road transportation, railways, navigation and other transportation. This variable corresponds to IPCC category 1A3.
GHG from Industrial Processes: emissions from processes such as chemical industry, metal industry, production and use of mineral products and other industries. This variable corresponds to IPCC category 2.
GHG from Agriculture: all emissions from enteric fermentation, manure management, rice cultivation, agricultural soils, field burning of agricultural residues, prescribed burning of savannas and other agricultural activities. This variable corresponds to IPCC category 4.
GHG from Waste: total emissions from solid waste disposal on land, wastewater handling, waste incineration and any other waste management activity. This variable corresponds to IPCC category 6.
For some non-Annex I countries, the GHG emissions data may be incomplete because they include only emissions from a few available sources and therefore do not represent the absolute total emissions of the country. For detailed information on emissions data and their completeness, please check the official submissions of GHG emissions/removals data by countries to the Climate Change Convention (http://unfccc.int/ghg_data/ghg_data_unfccc/data_sources/items/3816.php).
Data Quality:
Countries report their greenhouse gas emissions to UNFCCC according to the IPCC Guidelines. The quality of data is regularly checked through the UNFCCC review process for the Annex I Parties to the Convention that report the data annually. Non-Annex I countries do not report the data annually and their data are not subject to the same review procedures. Data quality depends on the quality of statistics underlying the calculations or estimates and is usually the best for energy related emissions; because of differences in completeness and quality of the estimates, the data should be used with caution when comparing countries.

 


United Nations Statistics Division - Environment Statistics