Statistics Division Home
Development of National Statistical Systems
Country Profiles of Statistical systems
Key Features of National Statistical Systems
Country Practices
Handbook of Statistical Organization
National Quality Assurance Framework
Technical Cooperation Trust Fund UN-China
Search by Country
Free Text Search
Recent Updates
Sign in

Country Profile of Mexico

Main statistical agency
Main statistical agency name
Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, Geografia e Informatica (INEGI)
Web address
http://www.inegi.org.mx/inegi/default.aspx
Position in the government
The Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, Geografia e Informatica (INEGI) reports to the Finance and Public Credit Ministry, equivalent to the Tax Administration in other countries.
Organizational structure and finance
The organizational structure in INEGI is as follows:

Governing Board, integrated by:
o The Minister of the Finance and Public Credit Secretary
o Three officials from the Finance and Public Ministry
o An officer from the Economy Ministry
o President of INEGI
o Three officials, one coming from the Bank of Mexico, and two professionals of recognized prestige in demographic and geographic matters.

INEGI is composed by the following General Bureaux:
Presidency of INEGI
1. National Coordination of the Statistical and Geographical Information System General Bureau
2. National Accounts and Economic Statistics General Bureau
3. Statistics General Bureau
4. Geography General Bureau
5. Innovation and Technological Information General Bureau
6. Management Coordination

El contenido está estructurado en dos partes. En la primera, se presentan las bases jurídicas que dan sustento al Sistema Nacional y en la segunda se expone el Sistema: su definición, estructura, los integrantes, los instrumentos de programación, la normatividad, la red nacional de información, el servicio público de información y la capacitación e investigación.

Finalmente, mediante este documento se busca proporcionar a todos los participantes del Sistema Nacional, un primer acercamiento a los nuevos conceptos, su lenguaje, quiénes lo conforman y como se interrelacionan las nuevas formas de organización a través de los Subsistemas y la planeación del Sistema por medio de la elaboración de programas de largo, mediano y corto plazos.
Multi-annual or annual work program
Censuses and some surveys are exercises which cannot be carried out properly without adequate planning. These activities cover normally periods longer than a year.
Main duties
To coordinate the national systems and services of the statistics and geographic Information.

To produce the statistical and geographic information of national interest.

La LSNIEG establece que el SNIEG tendrá como finalidad suministrar a la sociedad y al Estado información de interés nacional de calidad, pertinente, veraz y oportuna a efecto de coadyuvar al desarrollo nacional. También establece que el responsable de normar y coordinar al Sistema será el Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI); además, la información de interés nacional, será oficial y de uso obligatorio para la Federación, los estados, el Distrito Federal y los municipios.


Brief history and other relevant background information
Brief history and other relevant background information
INEGI is a decentralized organism of the Finance and Public Credit Ministry with technical and administrative autonomy, what gives it the flexibility for the attainment of its basic objective: to coordinate the national systems and services of the statistics and geographic information, as well as to produce the statistical and geographic information of national interest. INEGI was conformed by presidential decree on January 25 in 1983, when the General Coordination of the National Services of Statistics, Geography and Informatics became the National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics (INEGI).


Legal basis
Legal basis
LEY DE INFORMACIÓN ESTADÍSTICA Y GEOGRÁFICA

Capítulo I.- General statements (De las Disposiciones Generales).

Capítulo II.- The system (De los Sistemas Nacionales Estadístico y de Información Geográfica).

Capítulo III. - Mandates (De las Atribuciones de las Unidades que Integran los Sistemas Nacionales Estadístico y de Información Geográfica).

Capítulo IV. - The NSO (Del Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática).

Capítulo V. - Rights and obligations of users and informants (De los Derechos y Obligaciones de los Usuarios e Informants).

Capítulo VI. - Procedures, infractions and sanctions (De los Procedimientos, Infracciones y Sanciones).

Derivado de la reforma a los artículos 26 y 73 de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, misma que se publicó en el Diario Oficial de la Federación (DOF) el 7 de abril de 2006, se estableció que el Estado Mexicano contará con un Sistema Nacional de Información Estadística y Geográfica (SNIEG), en donde la responsabilidad de normar y coordinar dicho Sistema estará a cargo de un organismo con autonomía técnica y de gestión, personalidad jurídica y patrimonio propios.

En consecuencia, con el fin de reglamentar las modificaciones mencionadas, se publicó el 16 de abril de 2008, en el DOF, la Ley del Sistema Nacional de Información Estadística y Geográfica (LSNIEG), en la cual se establecen las disposiciones generales para organizar y establecer el SNIEG, al mismo tiempo se establece que el Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI) obtiene su autonomía técnica y de gestión, personalidad jurídica y patrimonio propios y es el responsable de normar y coordinar al Sistema Nacional.



Other producers of official statistics
Other producers of official statistics
All the government dependencies.


Statistical advisory bodies
Statistical advisory bodies
Both a user council and an advisory committee have been established.

In the first instance, formed by professionals from the public, private and economic sectors and with different backgrounds. It meets once in the last year and its mandate is yet to be determined.

In the second, composed by over 90 public servants in charge of statistical production in ministries and government departments, both at a federal and a state level.Its mandate, as defined by Art. 25 of the Ley de Información Estadística y Geográfica (LIEG, Geographical and Statistical Information Law), is to comment on:

I. Priorities to be considered in the National Program of Statistical Development;

II. Questionnaires, collection procedures and coordination principles;

III Measures to achieve greater cooperation form the public;

IV Cooperation of government agencies at federal, state and municipal levels and other users in the collection, processing and dissemination of statistical information.

It also meets once a year.


Data collection
Most recent population census
4-29 October 2005
Access to administrative data
Copies of death, marriage and birth certificates are provided by the office in charge of them.
Data confidentiality
The Statistics Act (LIEG) provides penalties for violation to confidentiality provisions.


Data dissemination
Release calendar (existence, when and how published)
A calendar for short time indicators is published on the website.
Main publications
Hundreds of publications are listed on the website.
Languages of main publications
Spanish
How are data disseminated (Paper, CD Rom, Website, online databases, databanks)?
All forms
Availability of microdata for research purposes
Only samples without individual information are made available.




Back to top | Statistics Division Home | Contact Us | Search | Site Map
Copyright © United Nations, 2007