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Country Profile of Bahrain

Main statistical agency
Main statistical agency name
Central Informatics Organization (CIO), General Directorate of Statistics and Population Registry
Web address
http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_eng/default.aspx
Position in the government
The CIO is a government organization.
Organizational structure and finance
Under the CIO, the General Directorate of Statistics and Population Registry is composed of three directorates:
Directorate of Statistics
Directorate of Population Registry
Directorate of Addresses and GIS

The Directorate of Statistics consists of the following sections: Social and Environmental Statistics, Economic Statistics, Censuses, Surveys and Technical Cooperation, International Project, The National Survey for Youth Opinion, International Comparisons Program, Foreign Direct Investment Survey, Gender statistics improvement project, Study of unemployment norms and indicators.
Main duties
The main responsibilities of the Directorate of Statistics are:
•Gathering, reviewing, checking, printing, analyzing and publishing all official statistics and norms related to the Kingdom and its demographical, social, environmental and economic situations.
•Conducting demographic, social, environmental, economic, censuses and surveys related to different fields, activities and plans in the Kingdom.
•Coordinating, Organising and unifying the statistical operations with the governmental and private to be in accordance with regional and international terminologies and definitions.
•Participating in meetings, conferences, seminars and specialised workshops related to statistical activities; and exchanging of experiences with local, regional and International Organisations working in the field of statistical operations.
•Preparing statistical operations manuals and economic, environmental and social classifications according to regional and international standards and methodologies.
•Conducting statistical censuses and surveys for governmental units, semi-governmental units, private sector units and local, regional and International Organisations.
•Providing an integrated system for different statistics and publications through internet with statistical publications on an on-going basis and on a dynamically way.
•Encouraging different Organisations to use statistics in decision making and preparing specialised studies and researches in different fields.
•Contributing to increasing public statistical awareness and providing a statistical culture basis.
•Providing technical and scientific consultancy during all stages of censuses, surveys and other statistical jobs.
•Reviewing social, environmental and economic norms and measurements related to the Kingdom included in the national, regional and international reports.
•Preparing papers and national reports which reflect the social, environmental and economic situations in the kingdom.
•Gathering reports, studies and researches prepared locally, regionally and internationally.

The main responsibilities of the Directorate of Population are:
•Establishing an updated population central record in the Kingdom of Bahrain.
•Establishing a central bank of information about population.
•Coordinating with governmental units about methods of receiving population records information, exchange them, and use them through computers.
•Issue CPR numbers and CPR cards for all Bahrainis and expatriates in Bahrain.
•Linking all information used in the population record and addresses and Organisation record as they are the basis of information.
•Issuing of governmental, social, economic and political units numbers.
•Recording of marriage, divorces, maternity, deaths, change of nationality and residence permit.

The Main Responsibilities of Directorate of Addresses and GIS are:
•Building a unified and integrated geographical information database which will satisfy the needs of all governmental and non-governmental units to supports the process of planning and decision making.
•Linking geographical information database with governmental information to support future governmental views and needs.
•Building geographical data which is a part of building a unified geographical database in the Kingdom.
•Conducting studies to support future plans of the Kingdom through using geographical information system technology.
•Support the governmental units in the field of geographical information systems through providing data, plans and expertise.
•Updating the national geographical Database by surveys, satellite and aerial images.
•Building thorough satellite and aerial images and providing them to related governmental units.
•Conducting special projects related to remote sensing.
•Managing, Organising and planning the addressing system in the Kingdom.
•Issuing addresses to citizens, expatriates and governmental and private units.
•Improving the addressing system to cope with the new technology and developments in the Kingdom, which assist in providing better services for residents of the Kingdom.
•Conducting periodical surveys for addresses to keep the quality and preciseness of the total addresses database in the Kingdom.
•Providing governmental units with geographical and addresses information.


Brief history and other relevant background information
Brief history and other relevant background information
The CIO was established first in October 1967 under the supervision of Ministry of Finance and National Economy. Its name was "Statistics Office" and its objective was to provide necessary information about the Kingdom.
Then, this Office was developed and became a Directorate in the Ministry of Finance and National Economy, by Decree No. (8), 1976 regarding establishing Directorate of Statistics.
After that, Decree No. (7), 1977 was issued regarding statistics and censuses to organise and the process of Statistics and censuses (see appendix No.1 for details of the Decree).
In the same year, Decree No. (11), 1977 was issued regarding transferring the Directorate of Statistics from Ministry of Finance and National Economy to be reporting to the Prime Minister’s Office. (see appendix No. 2 for details of the Decree).
In the year 1983 Decree No. (5) was issued regarding renaming of the Directorate of Statistics and it became a separate and independent governmental unit. Based on that, its name was changed to Central Statistics Organisation.
A year later, Decree No. (9) was issued regarding establishing the Central Population Recording and Organising its activities. This decree included establishing a permanent committee for central population recording system. The committee was to be Headed by the Minister of Cabinet Affairs and the members were: the head of the Central Statistics Organisation, a representative from Ministry of Health, a representative from Ministry of Interior, a representative from Ministry of Legal Affairs, a representative from Ministry of Health and a representative from Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs all representatives to be directors and above.
And because of the increasing activities and responsibilities of the Central Statistics Organisation and the need for specialization, a number of decrees were issued regarding establishing Directorates in the Central Statistics Organisation, first of all, Order No. (16), 1988 was issued from the Prime Minister regarding establishing Directorates in the Central Statistics Organisation which were: Directorate of Computer Services, Directorate of Statistics and Directorate of Population Registry Centre.
Then, Decree No. (38), 2002 was issued regarding renaming the Central Statistics Organisation as "Central Informatics Organisation".
After that, Decree No. (9), 2003 was issued regarding reorganising the Central Informatics Organisation which included establishing the following Directorates:
1. Directorate of Election and Referendum (reporting to the President of CIO).
2. Directorate of Human Resources and Finance (reporting to the Undersecretary).
3. Directorate of Statistics, Directorate of Population Registry, and Directorate of Addresses and GIS (reporting to the General Directors of Statistics and population Registry).
4. Computers Operation Directorate, Directorate of Information System and Directorate of Technical Resources (reporting to the General Director for Information Technology).
Finally, Order No. (3), 2004 was issued by the Prime Minister regarding the establishment of the National Committee for GIS.



Legal basis
Legal basis
See “Brief history and other relevant background information” section.


Data collection
Most recent population census
6 April 2001
Access to administrative data
Access to data from population census, data related to houses, Organisations, and commercial units.


Data dissemination
Main publications
BASIC RESULTS - POPULATION, HOUSING,BUILDINGS & ESTABLISHMENTS CENSUS - 2001
The census is the hallmark of a developed nation. The census plays the most crucial and inevitable source of statistical information for the planning of a nation's future. In this regard, Bahrain stands foremost among all the leading countries around the world with its first census documented in the year 1941. Since then, several censuses have taken place with the last census held in the year 1991.

FOREIGN TRADE STATISTICS
This book which is published annualy by the Directorate of Statistics -Central Statistics Organisation is one of the very important statistical publications which helps researchers & analysts. It contains statistics on economic, social, educational and Health condition of Bahrain. The 1st issue of it was published in 1968,

STATISTICAL ABSTRACT
This book which is published annualy by the Directorate of Statistics -Central Statistics Organisation is one of the very important statistical publications which helps researchers & analysts. It contains statistics on economic, social, educational and Health condition of Bahrain. The 1st issue of it was published in 1968,

BAHRAIN IN FIGURES
This leaflet is a summary for the Statistical Abstract and Foreign Trade Statistics.
Languages of main publications
Arabic, English.
How are data disseminated (Paper, CD Rom, Website, online databases, databanks)?
Paper, CD Rom




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