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National Classifications

International Standard Classification of Occupations
(ISCO-08)

Country / Area: Ghana

Classification category: Occupation classifications

 
General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)INTERNATIONAL STANDARD CLASSIFICATION OF OCCUPATION (ISCO 08)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?ENGLISH
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.Yes. At the UNSD Website
 
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?SAME AS FOR ISCO 08
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.SAME AS FOR ISCO 08
 
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.N/A
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)YES
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.N/A
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)AT THE 4 DIGIT LEVEL
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future. 
 
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.GSS-NATIONAL POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS, 2010 (4 DIGIT LEVEL)

DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR - GHANA LABOUR MARKET SURVEY-2002 (2 DIGIT LEVEL),
GLOBAL OCCUPATION SURVEY
GSS/DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR - GHANA CHILD LABOUR SURVEY-2001 (2 DIGIT LEVEL)
GSS-GHANA LIVING STANDARDS SURVEY (6) ( 4 DIGIT LEVEL)

4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR - NATIONAL REGISTRATION OF EMPLOYED AND UN EMPLOYED PERSONS
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?SOCIAL SECURITY AND NATIONAL INSURANCE TRUST (SSNIT) USES ITS OWN CLASSIFICATIONS OF OCCUPATIONS THAT IS NOT BASED ON INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS. THESE CLASSIFICATIONS ARE AVAILABLE TO THE NATIONAL STATISTICAL OFFICE BUT ARE NOT USEFUL FOR STATISTICAL PURPOSES. SSNIT WHICH IS CURRENTLY UNDERTAKING RE ENGINEERING OF ITS IT AND DATABASE OF SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS PLANS TO ADOPT AND IMPLEMENT THE NATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ON OCCUPATIONS.
 
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.) 
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.2009
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?THERE ARE PLANS TO PREPARE A COMPREHENSIVE CODING INDEX AND MANUAL FOR USERS
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)ISCO 88
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsN/A
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))N/A
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?N/A
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?2000
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.NO
 
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?NO
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?N/A
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?NO
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?YES
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)YES, PDF,EXCEL
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?YES
 
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationGHANA STATISTICAL SERVICE
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryTHE GOVERNMENT STATISTICIAN, P.O.BOX 1098, ACCRA; philo141@yahoo.com
 
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevantPLEASE SEE ATTACHMENT

GENERAL COMMENTS

1.Ghana has used International Standard Classifications of Occupation for its population censuses and other social and demoghraphic surveys. The practice has been to prepare code lists based on the ISCO, by identifying as many occupations as possible that occur in communities, and then assign the respective international standard codes from ISCO.

The local names given by the communities are used as much as possible to aid coding. This exercise is usually done in surveys with large coverage and funds available for such activities to be undertaken, such as population censuses. Data collected during the trial census of the 2010 Population and Housing Census provided information on the different occupations occuring during the period. This information was used to prepare the code list/index for the main census.

The main problem encountered with the ISCO was that for the first time, Ghana coded the Population and Housing Census at the 4 digit level. Due to the level of capacity of fieldstaff in the use of ISCO, in preparing the code list, examples of occupations that fall under each class were included to help coders assign the correct codes. However, whenever staff came across an occupation which was supposed to be in a particular occupation class, but was not one of those listed in the coding index, they tend to put them under a class 'others not elsewhere classified' instead of placing it in that particular class. This practice tended to bloat the data for the 'others' classes and reduce those for the relevant classes.

There is therefore the need to build capacity for the development of a comprehensive and well organized national coding index.

2. Instead of coding to the 4 digit level as it is found in the ISCO, Ghana would like to extend to 5 or more digits where necessary. For example, under the forestry and related workers sub group, several occupations (eg,. charcoal burner, logger, tree feller) are given the same code (6210), whereas it is neccessary to distinguish between them to make the data more useful for planning and decision making. On issues concerning charcoal burning which is increasingly becoming an important activity in Ghana with respect to energy, a fifth digit could be assigned so that' charcoal burner' would be assigned 62101 whiles 62102 is assigned to 'logger' etc.

3.Ghana has not yet developed a national classifications manual for its occupations classifications based on ISCO even though plans are underway to achieve this. The manual will describe in detail what each occupation entails with respect to skills and qualifications. It will mention the occupations that are to be ecxluded from the particular class, using local names as much as possible. Capacity will be required to undertake this exercise.

Source: UN questionnaire, 23/08/2013