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National Classifications

International Standard Industrial Classification
(ISIC Rev.4)

Country / Area: Ghana

Classification category: Activity classifications

 
General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)INTERNATIONAL STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION (ISIC REV 4)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?ENGLISH
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.YES
 
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?Section; Division; Group; Class
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.Section A
Division 01 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities
Group 011 Growing of non-perennial crops
Class 0111 Growing of cereals (except rice), leguminous crops and oil seeds
 
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.SAME AS ISIC
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)SAME AS ISIC
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.NO DIFFERENCE
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)AT ALL FOUR LEVELS. BUT NORMALLY AT THE THREE DIGIT LEVEL.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.N/A
 
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.1. GHANA LIVING STANDARDS SURVEY 6 ( 4 DIGIT LEVELS RESPECTIVELY)-GSS
2. POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS( 2010)- 4 DIGIT LEVEL-GSS
3. BUSINESS ENTERPRISE SURVEY(2013)- 4 DIGIT LEVEL-GSS
4.AGRICULTURE CENSUS (2014 PREPARATORY ACTIVITIES)- 4 DIGIT LEVEL-GSS& MINISTRY OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE.
6. BUSINESS ENTERPRISE SURVEY 2014 PREPARATORY ACTIVITIES
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)1. TAX ADMINISTRATION BY THE GHANA REVENUE AUTHORITY- 4 DIGIT LEVEL
2.REGISTRATION OF BUSINESSES BY THE REGISTRAR GENERALS DEPERTMENT - 4 DIGIT LEVEL
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?YES. SOCIAL SECURITY NATIONAL INSURANCE TRUST (SSNIT) CURRENTLY USES ITS OWN 8 CLASS INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION. IT IS NOT USEFUL FOR THE STATISTICAL OFFICE. SSNIT PLANS TO USE ISIC IN THE NEAR FUTURE AS THEY WILL ADOPT IN IN REENGINERING OF THEIR IT AND DATABASE ADMINISTRATION WHICH IS CURRENTLY ONGOING.
 
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)Nil
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.2009 &2010 POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS- TRIAL AND MAIN CENSUS
2012- GHANA LIVING STANDARDS SURVEY 6
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?THERE ARE PLANS TO PREPARE A COMPREHENSIVE CODE INDEX AND NATIONAL MANUAL (SEE COMMENTS).
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)ISIC REV 3
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsAS BETWEEN ISIC REV 3 AND ISIC REV 4
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))AS IN ISIC REV 3
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?YES. AS PROVIDED BY UNSD
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?2003 NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL CENSUS
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.NO
 
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?YES, A LITTLE, IN THE TRAINING DOCUMENTS FOR THE 2010 POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?N/A
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?YES. SOME WORK HAS BEEN DONE BY GSS AND SSNIT TO PROVIDE ISIC CODES FOR THE 8 BROAD INDUSTRY GROUPS USED BY SSNIT.
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?YES
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)YES AS ON THE UNSD WEBSITE.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?YES
 
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationN/A
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryN/A
 
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevantTHERE ARE TECHNIQUES FOR DETERMINING THE MAIN INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY OF AN ECONOMIC UNIT. DETERMINING THE RIGHT CODE FOR AN ESTABLISHMENT/UNIT DEPENDS ON WHETHER THE MAIN ACTIVITY IS CORRECT. CAPACITY OF STATISTICIANS IN GHANA'S NATIONAL STATISTICAL SYSTEM ON THIS ASPECT OF USE OF THE CLASSIFCATIONS NEEDS TO BE BUILT TO ENHANCE THE QUALITY OF DATA IN GHANA.

GENERAL COMMENTS

1.Ghana has used International Standard Industrial Classifications for its population censuses and other social, economic and demoghraphic surveys. The practice has been to prepare code lists based on the ISIC, by identifying as many activities as possible that occur in communities, and then assign the respective international standard codes from ISIC.

The local names given by the communities to products are used as much as possible to aid coding. This exercise is usually done in surveys with large coverage and funds available for such activities to be undertaken, such as industrial censuses. Data collected during the trial census of the 2010 Population and Housing Census provided information on the different industrial activities occuring during the period. This information was used to prepare the code list/index for the main census.

The main problem encountered with the ISIC was that for the first time, Ghana coded the Population and Housing Census activities at the 4 digit level. Due to the level of capacity of fieldstaff in the use of ISIC, in preparing the code list, examples of industries that fall under each class were included to help coders assign the correct codes. However, whenever some staff came across an activity which was supposed to be in a particular industry class, but was not one of those listed in the coding index, they tend to put them under a class 'others not elsewhere classified' instead of placing it in that particular class. This practice tended to bloat the data for the 'others' classes and reduce those for the relevant classes.

There is therefore the need to build capacity for the development of a comprehensive and well organized national coding index.

2. Instead of coding to the 4 digit level as it is found in the ISIC, Ghana would like to extend to 5 or more digits where necessary. For example, under the sub group ' MINING OF OTHER NON FERROUS METAL ORES, several activities (eg,.mining of gold, mining of bauxite, mining of manganese etc) are given the same code (0729), whereas it is neccessary to distinguish between them to make the data more useful for planning and decision making. On issues concerning gold mining which is an important activity in Ghana with respect to revenue, a fifth digit could be assigned so that for the sake of elaboration,t' gold mining' could be assigned 07291 whiles 07292 could be assigned to 'mining of bauxite' etc.

3.Ghana has not yet developed a national classifications manual for its economic activity classifications based on ISIC even though plans are underway to achieve this. The manual will describe in detail what each economic activity entails with respect to main activities and products. It will mention the economic activities that are to be excluded from the particular sub group/class, using local names as much as possible. Capacity will be required to undertake this exercise.

Source: UN questionnaire, 23/08/2013