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National Classifications

Polish Classification of Goods and Services
(PKWiU)

Country / Area: Poland

Classification category: Product classifications

 
General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)The Polish Classification of Goods and Services (PKWiU)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?It is available in the Polish language in paper and electronic forms. General information about the classification is available in English.
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.The PKD is accessible through the CSO website: www.stat.gov.pl
 
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?7 classification levels:
1-st level – 21 sections identified by alphanumerical codes (A-Z),
2-nd level – 88 divisions identified by two-digit codes (XX),
3-rd level – 261 groups identified by three-digit codes XX.X),
4-th level- 575 classes identified by four-digit codes (XX.XX),
5-th level – 1342 categories identified by five-digit codes (XX.XX.X),
6-th level – 3142 subcategories identified by six-digit codes (XX.XX.XX),
7-th level – 3183 categories identified by six-digit codes (XX.XX.XX.X)- the basis of the division were the country needs
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.
sectionAProducts of agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing and supporting services
division1Products of agriculture, forestry, fishing and supporting services
group01.4Live animals and raw milk of cattle
class01.41Dairy cattle, live
category01.41.1Dairy cattle, live
subcategory01.41.10Dairy cattle, live
position01.41.10.0Dairy cattle, live
   
sectionBProducts of mining and quarrying
division07Metal ores
group07.2Non-ferrous metal ores
class07.29Other non-ferrous metal ores
category07.29.1Other non-ferrous metal ores
subcategory07.29.11Copper ores and concentrates
position07.29.11.1Copper ores
07.29.11.2Copper concentrates
 
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.The PKWiU is a classification of products (goods and services), elaborated on the basis of the Statistical Classification of Products by Activity in the European Economic Community, version 2008 (CPA), with the maintenance of a close relationship between those classifications.

Despite that the PKD is a more detailed classification than CPA, additionally created detailed groupings can always be aggregated into NACE categories within the framework of the same structure.

In the PKWiU as a criterion for divisions of products was adopted their origin defined by the PKD 2007. As a result, it causes that the structure of the PKWiU at the first 4 levels corresponds to the structure adopted in the PKD and thereby to the structure of the EU NACE.

Taking into account that the PKWiU has been elaborated on the basis of the CPA, there are also similar links between CPA and CN to those between the PKWiU and CN. It concerns also the Explanatory Notes to the PKWiU.

3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)For the first four levels of the PKWiU the criterion of divisions of products was ( in analogy to the CPA 2008) their origin defined by the PKD 2007 (NACE, Rev.2).

At the 5 and 6-digit levels (categories and subcategories) in the PKWiU 2008 division of products defined at the same levels as in the Statistical Classification of Products by Activity (CPA) (Official Journal of the EU L 145/65 of 4.6.2008) was adopted, together with five and six –digit symbols and their names from the same classification.

3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.There are no deviations in relation to the CPA.
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Data is reported according to the needs of international organizations.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.National classification is connected with international classifications.
 
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.PKWiU, intended for the classification of effects of activity of organisational units, is used for the presentation of statistical data connected with the manufacture, turnover and use of products.
On the basis of the PKWIU there are conducted, among others, statistical surveys on the following subjects:
• manufacture of industrial goods
• prices of producers of goods and services
• balances of energy carriers and infrastructure of heating system
• use of fuel and energy
• supplies of fertilizers for agriculture by production units and importers
• sale of services related with the service of economic activities
Data is collected and published at different levels of the classification, e.g.:
- in the scope of turnover of plant protection substances, delivery of fertilizers for agriculture or animal feed it is a five-digit level.
- within the survey concerning the evaluation of enterprises providing services related with the service of economic activities. The classification is used for the collection of data at the lowest level of detail (different levels depending on the kind of activity performed by the enterprise). Data is published at aggregated levels which vary depending on the level of data collection, excluding products embraced by statistical secrecy.
- in the survey on prices of producers of services and survey on prices of transport services, storage and telecommunications (at the six-digit level) and in the publication of survey of export and import price indexes at the level of division and section.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)The PKWiU is used for non-statistical purposes by public administration organs in various legal regulations (e.g. lists of goods and services for tax purposes, lists of goods that are subject of testing for safety sign) and in information systems (e.g. the National Register of Taxpayers, the National Court Register) as well as by economic units for the organization of source evidence in the form of material and good indexes and similar evidence tools.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Each institution can create registers, lists or indexes for their own needs on the basis of classification standards.

Statistical offices use national standards or the ones directly introduced by the Commission/Council of the European Communities or the Statistical Commission of the United Nations Organization.

 
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)The PKWiU 2008 was adopted on 29.10.2008 by the decree of the Council of Ministers to be used in statistics, registers, documentation and accounting as well as in the official registers and information systems of the public administration .
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.1 I 2009 r.
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?National standards are updated in accordance with the updates of international classifications. At present, in relation with changes introduced into the Harmonised System (HS) and thereby in the Combined Nomenclature (CN) there is a necessity of changing correspondences of the PKWiU with CN and the publication of a new version of the PKWiU, updated with those correspondences.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)The previous national classifications had the same name – the Polish Classification of Goods and Services (PKWiU); it was introduced on 1 V 2004 by the decree of the Council of Ministers to be used in statistics, registers, documentation and accounting as well as in the official registers and information systems of the public administration;
it was elaborated on the basis of an EU standard - the Statistical Classification of Products by Activity in the European Economic Community (CPA 2002).
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsPKWiU 2004 is related to the European classification NACE, Rev.1.1. to the level of subcategory.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))PKWiU (first edition from 2004) – 9 classification levels
1-st level - 17 sections identified by alphanumerical codes (A)
The immediate level was present only in sections including industrial activities – 16 subsections (AA)
2-nd level - 62 divisions identified by two-digit codes (XX),
3-rd level - 223 groups identified by three-digit codes (XX.X),
4-th level - 502 classes identified by four-digit codes (XX.XX),
5-th level - 1146 categories identified by five-digit codes (XX.XX.X),
6-th level – 2606 subcategories identified by six-digit codes(XX.XX.XX),
7-th level – 5968 positions identified by eight-digit codes (XX.XX.XX-XX)
8-th level – 31 groupings identified by nine- digit codes(XX.XX.XX-XX.X)
9-th level – 6976 groupings identified by ten-digit codes (XX.XX.XX-XX.XX)
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented? 1 V 2004
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.Data is collected and published according to the binding classification PKWiU-2008.
 
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?The PKWiU includes methodological principles and explanatory notes.
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Only correspondence keys between subsequent versions of the national classifications have been elaborated.
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?Yes
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?No
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)In PDF
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Correspondence tables are available in electronic form on the CSO website: www.stat.gov.pl
 
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationMethodology, Standards and Registers Division in the Central Statistical Office,
00-925 Warsaw, 208 Niepodległości Av.
tel.: (+48 22) 608 30 00
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryWebsite: http://www.stat.gov.pl/
 
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant 

Source: UN questionnaire, 14/09/2012