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National Classifications

Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations
(ANZSCO)

Country / Area: New Zealand

Classification category: Occupation classifications

 
General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), First Edition, Revision 1
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), First Edition, Revision 1
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.Yes – Statistics New Zealand website
http://www.stats.govt.nz/surveys_and_methods/methods/classifications-and-standards/classification-related-stats-standards/occupation.aspx
 
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?ANZSCO has a hierarchical structure. It comprises 8 Major Groups, 43 Sub-Major Groups, 97 Minor Groups, 358 Unit Groups, and 1014 Occupations.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.Major Group codes are denoted by 1-digit and range from 1 to 8.
Examples: 1 Managers
2 Professionals

Sub-Major Group codes are denoted by 2-digits, the first comprising the relevant major group code plus an additional digit. They range from 11 to 89.
Examples: 11 Chief Executives, General Managers and Legislators
12 Farmers and Farm Managers

Minor Group codes are denoted by 3-digits, the first two comprising the relevant sub-major group code plus an additional digit. They range from 111 to 899.
Examples: 111 Chief Executives, General Managers and Legislators
121 Farmers and Farm Managers

Unit Group codes are denoted by 4-digits, the first three comprising the relevant minor group code plus an additional digit. They range from 1111 to 8999.
Examples: 1111 Chief Executives and Managing Directors
1112 General Managers
1113 Legislators

Occupation codes are denoted by 6-digits, the first four comprising the relevant unit group code plus an additional two digits. They range from 111111 to 899999.
Examples: 111111 Chief Executive or Managing Director
111211 Corporate General Manager
111212 Defence Force Senior Officer

 
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Yes. ANZSCO is linked to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO), both the 1988 and 2008 editions. It uses the same concepts as ISCO (skill level and skill specialisation) but applies them to suit the Australian and New Zealand labour markets and Australian and New Zealand data users.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)In common with ISCO, the ANZSCO structure comprises major group, sub-major group, minor group and unit group levels. ANZSCO, however, defines an additional level of detail – occupation – which is a disaggregation of the unit group level.

The individual categories (at each level of ANZSCO) are quite different to those defined in ISCO. The differences in the individual categories exist to more appropriately reflect the structure of the Australian and New Zealand labour markets, and to meet specific statistical needs.

A concordance between ANZSCO and ISCO-08 is available on request.

3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.The concepts, principles and methods of application adopted in ANZSCO are similar to or the same as those used in ISCO-88 and ISCO-08. The concepts of job, occupation, skill level and skill specialisation are used in both ANZSCO and ISCO to define classification categories and group them into hierarchical structures, however, they are applied differently in ANZSCO to suit Australian and New Zealand labour markets.

One particular point of difference is that the boundaries between skill levels are defined differently in ANZSCO; and ANZSCO defines five skill levels (compared to four in ISCO).

3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Data can be reported at any level of ISCO as data is coded to the occupation (6-digit) level of ANZSCO. Data is supplied to organisations such as OECD and UNESCO usually at the sub-major group level (2 digit) of ISCO.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.Not Applicable
 
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.ANZSCO is used in the production of occupation statistics from the Census of Population and Dwellings, the Household Labour Force Survey, the Labour Cost Index, Time-Use Survey and Migration Survey.

Data is classified at the 6 digit and four digit level and output at all levels of ANZSCO as appropriate.

Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment – job vacancy survey, and State Services Commission for human resource capability.

4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)A wide range of New Zealand Government departments and non-government organisations use ANZSCO for non-statistical purposes.

Immigration NZ use ANZSCO to assess the skills of migrants applying to enter New Zealand for residential or employment purposes under the Essential Skills in Demand policy.

The Accident Compensation Corporation uses ANZSCO to describe occupations and provide an assessment framework for workers returning to employment after suffering workplace injury.

Banks record the occupation of each account member. Health for workforce planning, patient occupation recorded for hospital admissions, and by general practitioners for care purposes.

ANZSCO is also used by government and non-government organisations offering career planning services.

4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Not applicable
 
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)The ANZSCO First Edition was published on 11 September 2006 and it was implemented in relevant Statistics New Zealand collections from mid-2006.

The ANZSCO First Edition Revision 1 was published on 25 June 2009 and it was implemented in relevant Statistics New Zealand collections from 1 July 2009, and continues to be used.

5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.2006/2007
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?A minor review of ANZSCO First Edition Revision 1 is being carried out at the present time and the results of this review are expected to be available by June 2013.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations 1999 (NZSCO99)
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsNZSCO99 is concorded from the occupation level and unit group level to ISCO88 unit groups, and from the NZSCO99 Minor Group level to ISCO88 Minor Groups.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))NZSCO99 has a hierarchical structure. It comprises 9 Major Groups (1 digit), 25 Sub-Major Groups (2 digit), 99 Minor Groups (3 digit), 263 Unit Groups (4 digit) and 607 Occupations (5 digit). Totals include residual categories.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Concordances exist to the New Zealand Standard Classifications of Occupations 1999, 1995 and 1990 editions from ANZSCO.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?1999
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.NZSCO99 is no longer used in any statistical collection by Statistics New Zealand. Statistics New Zealand is not aware of any current external uses.
 
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?The conceptual basis of ANZSCO and its relationship to other occupation classifications, including ISCO-88, is explained in ANZSCO.
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Yes
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?Not applicable
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Yes. All Statistics New Zealand collections are coded using a standard national coding index. External agencies also use the national coding index.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, in pdf, Excel, Word and XML.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes. Concordances are available between ANZSCO, NZSCO and ISCO.

The coding index is available upon request in Excel format.

Coding software is available from the Statistics New Zealand both as a downloadable application, and online service.

 
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationStatistics New Zealand, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), and the (then) Australian Government Department of Employment and Workplace Relations were responsible for the development of ANZSCO First Edition.

Statistics New Zealand and the ABS maintain ANZSCO.

7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryPhone: 0508 525 525 toll-free in New Zealand or +64 4 931 4600 outside New Zealand
Email: info@stats.govt.nz
classifications@stats.govt.nz
Fax +64 4 931 4049

Website: www.stats.govt.nz

 
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevantNo additional comments

Source: UN questionnaire, 16/08/2012