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National Classifications

Country / Area: China

Classification category: Product classifications

 
General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given) 
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?The Chinese "National Classification of Codes for Main Products" was quite different from CPC, regarding both the scope and the principle of classification. It only includes transportable products (goods), no service. Since only material production sectors were taken into account while China practiced MPS at that time. In fact, China hasn't yet established any classification system for major products consistent with CPC recommended by the United Nations so far.
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.4 levels, 8-digits codes.

The structure of Chinese classification is not compatible with CPC, but the part of transportable products (goods) is in more details than CPC.

 
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?There are about 50000 categories of products at the most detailed level of the Chinese main product Classification.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.No
 
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Statistical Standards Division, Department of Statistical Design and Management of NBS.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Name: Deng Shangjie
Tel: 086 10 68573311--87073
E-mail: Sjdeng@king.stats.gov.cn
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.International Statistical Information Center
National Bureau of Statistics of China
No. 75 Yuetan Nanjie, Sanlihe, Beijing

Tel : 086 10 63449293
Fax: 086 10 6340 1410
Website: http://www.stats.gov.cn

3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)In 1987.
In fact, the main product classification has not been officially implemented by NBS of China.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.From now on, we will study and draft the Chinese Classification for Main Products, which will include all products and service in economic activities, and its structure is going to be identical with industrial classification (ISIC), so as to enable it to convert to the Central Product Classification of UN (CPC). All of the work is planned to complete before 2005.
 
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Only part of main product classification is used in national industry census and sectoral statistical investigation of other ministries.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)There are nearly 5,000 products in national census of industries, and only the aggregates of 400--1000 products in annual report of NBS.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?The same as above.
 
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)Chinese
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.No
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?No
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Only have simple explanatory notes in the current classification.
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classifications(1) The current classification only includes transportable products (goods), no service.
(2) And it is too old, and its levels are not reasonablly defined.
(3) The national explanatory notes for classification is too simple.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))We hope to get adequate assistance from international organizations, it should include the technology of revising and converting national classification to international classification, electronic form of the conversion key(s), training for statistical standard staff of China, and reference document of statistical classification.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?State Development Planing Commission,
State Economic & Trade Commerce Commission,
various research institutes,etc.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?Other institutions formulated their own products classification. These classifications can be either in more details or more aggregated than NBS's classification. In addition, the General Customs Administration of China has formulated the standard of "Customs Classification of Import and Export Commodity" in the light of the UN's "The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS)", it is mainly used in statistical data of import and export commodity.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No
 
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?None
 
Contact information
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryClassification and Codes for National Industrial and Agricultural Products (commodities, supplies)

Source: UN questionnaire, 27/10/1999