ESA/STAT/AC.78/14

 14 June 2001

UNITED NATIONS

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS

STATISTICS DIVISION

Meeting of the Expert Group on

International Economic and

Social Classifications

New York, 18-20 June 2001

Issues to be discussed in our experience

Differences between the definitions of JSIC “Information and Communication” and ISIC “Information Sector” 

Kazuhiko Matsuo

Satoko Koga

Government of Japan


1. Revision of Standard Industrial Classification for Japan (JSIC)

The Standard Industrial Classification for Japan (JSIC) was first available in 1949 and since then ten revisions have been made to meet subsequent changes in the structure of industry. However, since last revision in 1993, we have faced the rapid changes in economic and social conditions owing to highly-developed information and communication technology, diversifications of service industries, declining fertility and aging population. In order to reflect the enormous changes we started the work to review the existing version of JSIC (10th revision: October 1993) in 1999. Our draft proposal of the 11th revision of JSIC for 2002 has been already submitted to the Statistics Council, an advisory body to the minister of MPHPT, to deliberate it towards the final approval in next January.

Some items of the 2002 draft proposal may be changed through on-going deliberation by Statistical Council.

Main points of this revision are as follows:

1.  The creation of the division “ Information and Communication” is based on the development of communication and computer technology, growth of related industries fused by both technology and so on. This division is composed of Newspapers and Publishing industries, Motion Picture and Record Production, Broadcasting, Communication and Information services.

2. Existing “Division I –Wholesale and Retail Trade, Eating and Drinking Places” and “Division L –Services” are reorganized to new division system to improve users availability and international comparability. As a result of reorganization, “Eating and Drinking Places, Accommodation” “Health and Welfare”, “Education and Learning Support”, etc. are established as new divisions reorganized from related major groups within Division I and L.

  (See Attachment 1)

 2.  Issues to be discussed in our experience

- Differences between the definitions of JSIC “Information and Communication” and ISIC “Information Sector”  -

 The  “Information Sector” for Alternate aggregations is proposed in this ISIC Rev.3.1. It is very useful for us to consider the definition of “Information and Communication” in Japan. (See Attachment 2)

We would like to ask you the following questions relating to the emerging issues in our consideration.

1. We are now discussing in the Statistics Council that “Information and Communication” in JSIC comprises establishments engaged in the following processes: (a) producing information in order to distribute (b) distributing information, and (c) computer processing data and providing database service.

 We would like to know about the coverage of “producing information” of “Information Sector” in ISIC 2002.

2. We are now discussing in the Council that “Newspapers and Publishing industries” are defined one of establishments engaged in producing information in order to distribute and classified to “Information and Communication” in JSIC. However, some members in the Council have different opinions that they should be classified to “Manufacturing” as in the past, because their activities should be taken notice of not function but producing process namely printing process.

 In ISIC, what are the points to take note that  “Publishing” is classified to “Information Sector”?

3. “9212 Motion picture projection” and “9231 Library and archives activities” are classified to “Information Sector” in ISIC, but they are not classified to “Information and Communication” in JSIC draft proposal. Because, in Japan, their activities are not yet changed to new ones through ICT. In our JSIC proposal, we think these industries as well as book stores and news dealers comprise units engaged in only supplying products such as books, newspapers and other materials at the end of distribution channel, not processing data or not adding new value to information.

 In ISIC, why are these industries classified to “Information Sector”? We have concern that the ISIC’s view that industries engaged in only supplying products at the end of distribution channel are classified to “Information Sector” confuses its classification system.

How do you think of it?


Attachment 1

The ISIC Structure as compared to JSIC draft (2002)                    

ISIC

items

JSIC draft (2002)

items

Sections

Letter

17

Divisions

Letter

19

Divisions

2-digits

60

Major Groups

2-digits

96

Group

3-digits

159

Groups

3-digits

419

Class

4-digits

292

Industries

4-digits

1,271

Correspondence table between Section of ISIC and Division of JSIC draft (2002)

        [ISIC]                                                                                                          [JSIC draft (2002)]

A  Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry
(2) 
A  Agriculture     
(1)
B  Fishing      
(1)
B  Forestry    
(1)
C  Mining and Quarrying       
(5)
C  Fisheries  
(2)
D  Manufacturing      
(23)
D  Mining 
(1)
E  Electricity, Gas and Water Supply   
(2) 
E  Construction
(3)
F  Construction
(1)
F  Manufacturing
(23)
G  Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of  Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles and Personal and Household Goods
(3)
  G  Electricity, Gas, Heat 

Supply and Water

(4)
H  Hotels and Restaurants
(1)
H  Information and  Communications
(5)
I   Transport, Storage and  Communications
(5) 
I  Transport   
(7)
J  Financial Intermediation  
(3) 
J  Wholesale and Retail Trade

(12)

K   Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities
(5)
K  Finance and Insurance
( 7)
L   Public Administration and Defense; Compulsory Social Security 
(1)
L  Real Estate
(2)
M  Education
(1)
M  Eating and Drinking Places,  Accommodation
(3)
N  Health and Social Work
(1)
N Health and Welfare
(3)
O  Other Community, Social and Personal Service Activities 
(4)
O Education and Learning  Support
(2)
P  Private Households with Employed Persons
(1)
P Compound Services  
(2)
Q  Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies
(1) 
Q Services, N.E.C.   
(15)
    R Government, N.E.C
(2)
    S Establishments Not Adequately Described 
(1)

                                                                                         

                                                                   

CORRESPONDENCE TABLE

Standard Industrial Classification for Japan (JSIC draft for 2002) to

Information Sector of Alternate aggregation (ISIC Rev.3.1)

H INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION

Major Group 36 NEWSPAPERS AND PUBLISHING INDUSTRIES
Group Industry

361 NEWSPAPERS INDUSTRIES

3611 Newspapers industries

362 PUBLISHING INDUSTRIES

3621 Publishing industries


Major Group 37 MOTION PICTURE AND RECORD PRODUCTION

Group/ Industry

371 MOTION PICTURE, VIDEO, TELEVISION PROGRAM PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION

3711 Motion picture and video production, except television program production

3712 Television program production

3713 Motion picture, video and television program distribution


372 RECORD PRODUCTION

3721 Record production

3722 Radio program production


373 MOTION PICTURE, VIDEO, BROADCASTING PROGRAM AND
RECORD PRODUCTION SERVICES


3731 Motion picture, video and television program production services

3732 Record and radio program production services



Major/ Group 38 BROADCASTING
Group Industry

381 PUBLIC BROADCASTING, EXCEPT CABLECASTING

3811 Public broadcasting

382 PRIVATE BROADCASTING, EXCEPT CABLECASTING

3821 Television broadcasting, except satellite broadcasting

3822 Radio broadcasting, except satellite broadcasting

3823 Satellite broadcasting

3829 Miscellaneous private broadcasting

383 CABLECASTING

3831 Cable television broadcasting

3832 Cable sound broadcasting


Major Group 39 COMMUNICATIONS
Group/ Industry

391 MAIL EXCHANGING

3911 Mail exchanging

392 FIXED TELECOMMUNICATIONS

3921 Regional telecommunications, except wire broadcast telephones

3922 Long-distance telecommunications

3923 Wire broadcast telephones

3929 Miscellaneous fixed telecommunications

393 MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS

3931 Mobile telecommunications

394 SERVICES INCIDENTAL TO COMMUNICATIONS

3941 Services incidental to communications


Major Group 40 INFORMATION SERVICES
Group/ Industry

401 COMPUTER PROGRAMMING AND OTHER SOFTWARE SERVICES

4011 Custom software services

4012 Package software services

402 DATA PROCESSING AND INFORMATION SERVICES

4021 Data processing services

4022 Research and information services, except marketing or opinion research services

4029 Miscellaneous data processing and information services

403 NEWS SYNDICATES

4031 News syndicates
INFORMATION SECTOR

2212 Publishing of newspapers, journals and periodicals

2211 Publishing of books, brochures, and other publications

2212 Publishing of newspapers, journals and periodicals

2219 Other publishing
journals and periodicals











9211 Motion picture and video production and distribution


9211 Motion picture and video production and distribution

9211 Motion picture and video production and distribution




2213 Publishing of music

9213 Radio and television activities





9211 Motion picture and video production and distribution

×(9249 Other recreational activities)








9213 Radio and television activities




9213 Radio and television activities


9213 Radio and television activities

9213 Radio and television activities

9213 Radio and television activities



9213 Radio and television activities

9213 Radio and television activities







×(6411 National post activities)




6420 Telecommunications

6420 Telecommunications

6420 Telecommunications

6420 Telecommunications



6420 Telecommunications





6420 Telecommunications







×(7229 Other software consultancy and supply)

7221 Software publishing




7230 Data processing

7240 Data base activities and on-line distribution of electronic content



×(7413 Market research and public opinion polling)



9220 News agency activities

Note:  1) x:The items are included in JSIC, but excluded from ISIC.

    2) The following two items are included in ISIC, but excluded from JSIC.

 9212  Motion picture projection

 9231  Library and archives activities