Ensure that members of the team designing the questionnaires are trained in gender issues and gender-specific measurement issues related to work
Use a set of questions rather than one direct question for each of the topics
Include additional probing questions for selected groups of employed or status-in-employment categories
Use lists of economic activities that are usually underreported (for example, those considered an extension of domestic activities, and/or carried out in the home)
Avoid using keywords such as “economic activity”, “occupation” or “looking for work” that may induce underreporting of non-market economic activities
Avoid using keywords that apply exclusively to one of the sexes, such as “housewife” or “fisherman”
Include short explanatory notes in the questionnaire and detailed instructions, including explanations of concepts, in the interviewers’ manual
Use specific questions on reasons for not seeking work to identify particular subcategories of unemployed or non-active persons, such as discouraged workers or seasonal workers
Use additional questions with gender-specific reasons for: being absent from work; not being available for work; steps taken to seek work; reasons for not seeking work; and reasons for choosing certain non-regular jobs or non-standard working arrangements.
Source: Hussmanns, Mehran and Verma, 1990; Mata-Greenwood, 1999, 2003.