Statistics on gender and poverty can be produced at the household level or at the individual level, as shown in the subsections below. At the household level, statistics on gender and poverty are based on a traditional concept of poverty and are measured on the basis of consumption or income aggregated at the household level (see the subsection entitled “household-level income/consumption poverty”). In this case, the analysis focuses on whether female-headed household or certain types of female-headed households are more at risk of poverty than male-headed households. This type of analysis does not take into account intrahousehold inequality in consumption and does not provide individual counts of female or male poverty.
At the individual level, statistics on gender and poverty are based on a broader concept of poverty and are mainly measured through non-consumption indicators. In this case, the analysis focuses on gender inequality in allocation of resources (see the subsection entitled “Inequality in intrahousehold allocation of resources”) and gender differences in access to economic resources such as income, property and credit (see subsection entitled “Economic autonomy of women”).