New entrants in primary education by sex and age
Pupils enrolled in primary education by sex, age, and grade
New entrants in secondary education by sex and age
Students enrolled in secondary education by sex, age, grade, ISCED (International Standard Classification of Education) level and type of programme
Repeaters by sex, level of education and grade
Students enrolled in tertiary education by sex, ISCED level and field of study
Tertiary education graduates by sex and field of study
In order to calculate various indicators of educational participation based on enrolment data, additional data on population disaggregated by sex and age are needed from other sources of data such as population censuses or population registers, or estimated based on integration of data from population censuses and household surveys or civil registration systems.
School attendance by sex, age and level of education
Additional breakdowns are usually available for statistics on school attendance, because they are collected in household surveys at the same time with other individual and household characteristics. Example of additional breakdown characteristics that can be used are: urban/rural areas, geographic areas, ethnicity, wealth status of child’s household. While gender gap at national level may be modest, great gender inequalities in education may be found at the level of some population subgroups such as rural population, poor population, certain regions or ethnic groups with traditional attitudes toward women’s status.
In surveys focused on children – such as DHS, MICS and child labour force surveys – other data of interest may be collected and used for cross-tabulations. For example, one of the factors associated with low school attendance is the burden of work for children, either as employment or housework. Therefore children’s economic activity status and the number of hours they work either as employed or doing housework can be used as a breakdown variable in addition to sex, age and level of education.
Qualitative information on reasons for not attending school or dropping out by sex and level of education
Reasons for not attending school or dropping out may refer to (a) household-related factors such as not enough economic resources to cover necessary expenses to attend school, work to supplement the household income, or work needed for household chores; or (b) factors related to schooling environment, such as distance to school and non-availability of transportation, lack of separate toilets for girls and boys, or abuse by other students or teachers.
Education expenditure of households for each child by sex of the child
The education expenditure of households for each child is particularly of interest in those countries with great gender inequality in education.