|Policy-relevant questions ||Data needed ||Sources of data |
|Do the same proportions of girls and boys enter the first grade of school? Do girls start school later than boys? ||New entrants in primary school by sex and age and population by sex and age. ||School administrative records combined with population censuses, household surveys or population registers. |
|Are the same proportions of girls and boys participating in education? ||Enrolment by sex, age, grade and level of education and population by sex and age. |
School attendance by sex, age and level of education.
|School administrative records combined with population censuses, household surveys or population registers. |
Household surveys, such as the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), the Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (CWIQ) and the Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS).
|Is the progression and transition to secondary education the same for girls and boys? ||Enrolled students by sex, age, grade and level of education. Repeaters by sex, grade and level of education. ||School administrative records. |
|Are the reasons for not attending school different for girls than for boys?|
|Reasons for dropping out of school by sex, age and last level of education attended. |
Reasons for absenteeism by sex, age and level of education.
School attendance by sex, age and level of education, further disaggregated by urban/rural areas, wealth status of the household, and number of hours in employment or doing household chores.
|Household surveys such as DHS, MICS, CWIQ and LSMS. |
Child labour surveys.
|Do families invest less in the education of girls than in the education of boys? ||Household expenditure on education for each child by sex of the child. ||Household expenditure surveys and household living standards surveys. |
|Do girls and boys enrol in or graduate from the same types of programmes and fields of study? ||Enrolment in secondary education by sex and type of programme. |
Enrolment in and graduation from tertiary education by sex and field of study.
|School administrative records. |