From gender issues to gender statistics on educational participation: illustrative examples
||Sources of data
|Do the same proportions of girls and boys enter the first grade of school? Do girls start school later than boys?
||New entrants in primary school by sex and age and population by sex and age.
||School administrative records combined with population censuses, household surveys or population registers.
|Are the same proportions of girls and boys participating in education?
||Enrolment by sex, age, grade and level of education and population by sex and age.
School attendance by sex, age and level of education.
|School administrative records combined with population censuses, household surveys or population registers.
Household surveys, such as the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), the Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (CWIQ) and the Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS).
|Is the progression and transition to secondary education the same for girls and boys?
||Enrolled students by sex, age, grade and level of education.
Repeaters by sex, grade and level of education.
||School administrative records.
|Are the reasons for not attending school different for girls than for boys?|
|Reasons for dropping out of school by sex, age and last level of education attended.
Reasons for absenteeism by sex, age and level of education.
School attendance by sex, age and level of education, further disaggregated by urban/rural areas, wealth status of the household, and number of hours in employment or doing household chores.
|Household surveys such as DHS, MICS, CWIQ and LSMS.
Child labour surveys.
|Do families invest less in the education of girls than in the education of boys?
||Household expenditure on education for each child by sex of the child.
||Household expenditure surveys and household living standards surveys.
|Do girls and boys enrol in or graduate from the same types of programmes and fields of study?
||Enrolment in secondary education by sex and type of programme.
Enrolment in and graduation from tertiary education by sex and field of study.
|School administrative records.