Statistics on gender and poverty can be produced at household level or at individual level, as shown in the sub-sections following. At household level, statistics on gender and poverty are based on a traditional concept of poverty and are measured based on consumption or income aggregated at household level (see sub-section below, on household-level income/consumption poverty). In this case, the analysis is focused on whether female-headed households, or certain types of female-headed households, are more at risk of poverty than male-headed households. This type of analysis does not take into account intrahousehold inequality in consumption and does not provide individual counts of female or male poverty.
At individual level, statistics on gender and poverty are based on a broader concept of poverty and are mainly measured through non-consumption indicators. In this case, the analysis is focused on issues of gender inequality in allocation of resources (see sub-section on inequality in intrahousehold allocation of resources) and gender differences in access to economic resources such as income, property and credit (see sub-section on economic autonomy of women).